best diagnostic lab in Mysuru

HbA1c Test: The Revolutionary Way to Diagnose and Monitor Diabetes

HbA1c refers to glycosylated hemoglobin. It is generally produced when the sugar or glucose in the body sticks to red blood cells. In such circumstances, the body is unable to utilize the sugar effectively. Hence, it attaches to the blood cells in substantial quantities, leading to a build-up in the blood. Typically, the red blood cells remain active for two to three months. Thus the reading for the HbA1c test is taken quarterly.

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A higher HbA1c indicates too much sugar in the bloodstream, implying the person is prone to developing certain diabetes disorders. Knowing the HbA1c level is vital to stay healthy as timely medical intervention can reduce the risk of critical complications. This blog will shed light on what is being tested in HbA1c diagnosis alongside the requirement of this test and understanding of the results.

What is being tested?

HbA1c or hemoglobin A1C aids is measuring the amount of glucose or blood sugar bonded to the hemoglobin. Basically, hemoglobin is the constituent of red blood cells that help carry oxygen supply from the lungs to the remaining body parts. HbA1c depicts how well diabetes is being regulated. The average blood sugar levels can be checked at home with ease through a kit. It delivers a snapshot of an individual’s blood sugar levels only at a specific time and day. However, the HbA1c blood test is different from a finger-prick one. The blood sample is usually taken from either arm or a finger for the Hb1Ac test.

Benifits of lowering HBA1CIdeally, one should get the HbA1c test done every three to six months to manage blood sugar levels effectively. Suppose you are on a particular medical treatment or planning a baby. In that case, you might have to get tested more often. Find your HbA1c level with utmost convenience and reliability by opting for the best lab for HbA1c test in mysore. After all, it helps to evaluate the glucose levels and determines whether you are at risk of falling prey to diabetes or not.

Why do we need this test?

As stated above, the HbA1c test is for detecting and observing diabetes. This test indicates how effectively diabetes has been regulated over the last couple of months. It is recommended for people whose blood sugar levels are uncontrollably spiking.The Hb1Ac  also helps identify the probable complications of diabetes, such as eyes and kidney disorders so that you can get timely treatment to cure the symptoms.

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Understanding the Result

Once the Hb1Ac test is done by professional medical personnel, it is crucial to assess the results to determine the need for further treatment. Likewise, you can opt for Meritus Diagnostics to get highly accurate results for the Hb1Ac test. Usually, an Hb1Ac of 6.5% or above indicates that you are diabetic, even though you have not been diagnosed previously. On the other hand, if the level is lower than 6.5%, one might require further tests to identify the diabetes tendency. Here is all one needs to know to understand the Hb1Ac results:

  • Pre-existing Diabetes: If you already have diabetes, the ideal range for the Hb1Ac test would vary between 6.5 to 7%. Conversely, suppose the levels are higher than it. In that case, the doctor might change your treatment or recommend close monitoring of blood sugar levels. However, health conditions such as anemia can alter the red blood cells, thus affecting the Hb1Ac result. So if you are suffering from any such medical ailment, inform the doctor before the Hb1Ac test.


  • Risk of Type-2 Diabetes: The target levels of Hb1Ac might vary for people who arehba1c test in mysore at risk of evolving type-2 diabetes. In such cases, the Hb1Ac levels would be below 6%.


  • Type-2 Diabetes Remission: Remission is a condition when the person suffering from type-2 diabetes has healthy glucose or blood sugar levels for a longer duration minus any diabetes medications. The HbA1c levels for the remission stand at 6.5% or less.


Hb1Ac measures the average blood sugar levels over the last two to three months and helps find out if a person is at risk of type-2 diabetes or not. You can opt for the best diagnostic lab in Mysuru to get the test done with optimal comfort. If your blood sugar levels have gone above the ideal mark since the last Hb1Ac test, do not panic. It is possible to regulate diabetes with a healthy diet and lifestyle alongside regular exercise and doctor’s prescribed medications.

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thyroid blood test packages

Thyroid- Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

What is the Thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front part of your neck. The function of this gland is to produce thyroid hormones that influence the metabolic processes in our body. Your body needs energy to perform all the tasks and it gets this energy from the food that you consume. This energy requirement is fulfilled by the process of metabolism that converts food into energy. Hence, your entire body will be affected in case your thyroid gland stops functioning properly.

Causes of Thyroid Disease

We just understood what the thyroid is and how important a role it plays in our body. Now, let’s look at some of the problems it can cause if it doesn’t produce the right levels of hormones and the reasons that cause thyroid problems.

Thyroid regulations

The thyroid gland produces hormones- triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which are necessary to keep our body functioning correctly. However, when your thyroid starts producing too much of these hormones or fails to produce enough of these hormones, it results in several problems in your body and is termed thyroid disease.

There are two main types of thyroid disease, hypothyroidism (underproduction of thyroid hormones) and hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormones). Inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis), iodine deficiency and an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland are among the conditions that cause hypothyroidism. Grave’s disease, i.e, overproduction of thyroid hormones, the development of overactive nodules in the gland and excessive exposure to iodine cause hyperthyroidism.


Hypothyroidism is a condition where there’s a decline in your body’s energy levels due to insufficient production of thyroid hormones. It’s especially dangerous for infants as lower levels of thyroid hormones can stunt the intellectual as well as physical growth and development of a child. Some of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, joint pain, depression, inability to tolerate cold temperature and enlarged thyroid gland.

Thyroid disease dignosys

Whereas hyperthyroidism occurs as a result of increased levels of hormones. Weight loss, eye problems, insomnia, fatigue, increased sensitivity to heat, and anxiety are some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

Diagnosis and Treatment

With blood tests, you can identify if you have thyroid disease. Thyroid blood tests measure the level of thyroid hormones in your blood which helps in understanding if your thyroid gland is functioning properly.

Imaging tests are also used to diagnose thyroid disease. This test, also known as a thyroid scan is used by the doctor to identify any issue by looking at the change in shape and size of your thyroid. It can also involve an ultrasound, a procedure where high-frequency sound waves, inaudible to the human ear, are transmitted through body tissues.

If you are diagnosed with thyroid, your treatment would work to bring your thyroid secretion to a normal level. This can be done in various ways and depends on whether you have hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism - Causes

Some of the methods available to treat hyperthyroidism include:

  • Taking Anti-thyroid drugs (methimazole and propylthiouracil) to prevent your thyroid gland from producing excessive hormones.
  • Advocating radioactive iodine to damage the cells of your thyroid thus reducing the level of hormones.
  • Using medications called Beta-blockers that are only effective on your symptoms.
  • Surgically removing your thyroid (thyroidectomy). The thyroid won’t be able to produce hormones anymore. But, you would have to rely on thyroid replacement hormones for the rest of your life.

If you suffer from hypothyroidism, you can take Thyroid replacement medication. This drug is a synthetic (man-made) way to replenish thyroid hormones. Among the common drugs is levothyroxine. With medication, you can control thyroid disease and live a normal life.


When it comes to thyroid, it’s hard to be sure if you have thyroid as most of its symptoms match with other problems in the body. So, make sure you make an appointment with a doctor and consider a blood test when you feel these symptoms occur rather than ignoring them. And in case you are diagnosed with thyroid, don’t panic. In many cases, thyroid disease is a chronic medical condition that you have to manage constantly. However, if you take care of the treatment and live a healthy lifestyle, there’s not much to worry about. Take the prescribed medications or go for the required treatments to keep your thyroid hormonal level in check.

If you are looking for a Diagnostic center with most affordable Thyroid Blood Test Packages then Meritus Diagnostic is one of the best center for thyroid

Thyroid blood test packages

Thyroid – A Complete Guide To Thyroid

Your thyroid makes and creates hormones that assume a part in a wide range of frameworks all through your body. At the point when your thyroid makes either or little of these significant hormones, it’s known as a thyroid disease. There are a couple of unmistakable sorts of thyroid sickness, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Thyroid – Overview

The thyroid gland is a little organ that is situated toward the front of the neck, folded over the windpipe. It’s formed like a butterfly, more 

Thyroid disease diagnosis

unassuming in the middle with two wide wings that connect around the side of your throat. The thyroid is a gland. You have glands all through your body, where they make and deliver substances that assist your body with doing something particular. Your thyroid makes hormones that assist with controlling many vital functions of your body. 

Exactly when your thyroid doesn’t function true to form, it can influence your entire body. Assuming your body makes an excess of thyroid hormone, you can foster a condition called hyperthyroidism. In case your body makes too negligible thyroid hormone, it’s called hypothyroidism. The two conditions are not kidding and should be treated by your healthcare provider.



There are side effects you could insight into assuming that you have a thyroid disease. indications of a thyroid condition are the same as the indications of other medical conditions and phases of life. This can make it hard to know whether your side effects are connected with a thyroid issue or something completely different.

Generally, the symptoms of thyroid infection can be isolated into two gatherings — those connected with having an excessive amount of thyroid chemical (hyperthyroidism) and those connected with having too minimal thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism).


Indications of an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can include:

  • Feeling anxiety and nervousness.
  • Experiencing not to sleep well.
  • Getting weakness.
  • Having an enlarged thyroid organ or a goiter.
  • Having muscle weakness.
  • Experiencing unpredictable feminine periods or having your monthly cycle stop.
  • Having vision issues or eye disturbance.

Signs of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can include:

  • Feeling tired (exhaustion).
  • Putting on weight.
  • Experiencing forgetfulness.
  • Having frequent and weighty feminine periods.
  • Having dry and coarse hair.
  • Having a raspy voice.
  • Experiencing unable to tolerate cold temperatures.

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The two fundamental sorts of thyroid illness are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The two conditions can be achieved by various diseases that influence the way in which the thyroid organ works.

Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include:

Thyroiditis: This condition is an irritation (swelling) of the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can bring down how many hormones your thyroid produces.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: An effortless infection, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an immune system condition where the body’s cells assault and harm the thyroid. This is an acquired condition.

Post pregnancy thyroiditis: This condition happens in 5% to 9% of ladies after labor. It’s generally an impermanent condition.

Iodine inadequacy: Iodine is utilized by the thyroid to create hormones. An iodine deficiency is an issue that influences a few million peoples all over the world..

Conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include:

Graves’ disease: In this condition the whole thyroid gland may be overactive and produce an excess of hormones. This issue is likewise called diffuse toxic goiter (enlarged thyroid gland).

Nodules: Hyperthyroidism can be brought about by nodules that are overactive inside the thyroid. A solo nodule is called a harmful functioning thyroid nodule, while an organ with a couple of nodules is known as a poisonous multinodular goiter.

Thyroiditis: This issue can be either painful or not felt by any means. In thyroiditis, the thyroid delivers hormones that were put away there. This can keep going for half a month or months.

Physical exam

One more approach to check the thyroid is with an actual test in your medical services supplier’s office. This is an straightforward and easy painless test where your provider feels your neck for any developments or enlargement of the thyroid.

If you are looking for a Diagnostic center with most affordable Thyroid Blood Test Packages then Meritus Diagnostic is one of the best center for thyroid

Omicron Covid variant: What symptoms and tests are used to detect Omicron?

On 26 November 2021, WHO assigned the variation B.1.1.529 a variation of concern, named Omicron, on the advice of WHO’s Technical Advisory Group on Virus Evolution (TAG-VE). This choice depended on the proof introduced to the TAG-VE that Omicron has a few transformations that might affect how it acts, for instance, on how effectively it spreads or the seriousness of disease it causes. Here is a rundown of what is right now known. This new variation was first identified in quite a while gathered on November 11, 2021 in Botswana and on November 14, 2021 in South Africa.




How quick is Omicron spreading?

Omicron’s fast rise in South Africa is the thing that worries scientists most, on the grounds that it proposes the variation could start dangerous expansions in COVID-19 cases somewhere else. On 1 December, South Africa recorded 8,561 cases, up from the 3,402 provided details regarding 26 November and a few hundred every day in mid-November, with a significant part of the development happening in Gauteng Province, home to Johannesburg.


What tests are used to detect Omicron?

Swabs from polymerase chain response (PCR) tests, which are shipped off labs for analysis, can show if the variation causing the contamination looks like Omicron, Delta or something different.

Between a third and a portion of UK labs – yet not all – have the necessary innovation to recognize suspected Omicron cases. That implies a few pieces of the nation might analyze more Omicron cases all the more rapidly.

Confirming that a speculated case is Omicron requires a full genetic examination, which can require up to two or three weeks.


How is the Omicron variation identified?

  1. PCR test directed
  2. Test searches for three qualities identifying with parts of the infection: spike (S), nucleocapsid or inner area (N2) and envelope or external shell (E)
  3. Is the S quality identified?

Yes: Unlikely to be Omicron

No: Could be Omicron

  1. Full quality investigation used to affirm test


Do lateral flow tests detect Omicron?

Fast or lateral stream tests (LFTs), which can be utilized at home, can’t let you know which variation you’re infected with – however they are as yet suspected to have the option to let you know if you’re negative or positive, even with Omicron.

In the event that you get a positive LFT result, you have a lawful commitment to self-isolate promptly and should get a PCR test as quickly as time permits to confirm the outcome.


What are the symptoms of Omicron?

Up until this point, in South Africa, the vast majority contaminated are young and their indications have been mild.

There is some idea that the variation could be making some marginally various symptoms Delta – including aching painfulness, and no loss of taste or smell – however it’s too soon to say without a doubt.

Hospitals in South Africa are seeing more people admitted with more genuine symptoms – yet many are unvaccinated or have had just one dose. It will require a couple of more weeks to work out assuming passes are expanding as well.

In the UK, where huge quantities of people are secured with a few portions of a Covid vaccine, a few researchers say Omicron could be a lot milder and have less of an effect.


How might I protect myself and my family against the Omicron variation?

The main thing you can do is reduce your danger of openness to the virus. To ensure yourself and your friends and family, make a point to:

  • Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth. Ensure that your hands are clean when you put on and remove your mask.
  • Keep an actual distance of no less than 1 meter from others.
  • Stay away from ineffectively ventilated or crowded spaces.
  • Open windows to further develop ventilation indoors.
  • Wash your hands Clean up consistently.
  • At the point when it’s your move, get inoculated. WHO-supported COVID-19 antibodies are protected and powerful.


Study proposes Pfizer vaccine may just to some protect against Omicron

Existing immunizations should in any case ensure individuals who contract the Omicron variation from extreme Covid cases, a World Health Organization (WHO) official says. The Omicron variation of Covid can to some degree sidestep insurance from two doses of immunization made by Pfizer Inc and accomplice BioNTech, Alex Sigal, the exploration top of a South African research center, said on Tuesday. In any case, the review, in light of fundamental information that has not yet been peer-investigated, showed beneficiaries of two antibody dosages who had an earlier disease were generally ready to kill the variation, recommending sponsor portions could help fight off infection.


Dengue- Causes, symptoms and treatment

Dengue- Causes, symptoms and Treatment

Dengue or also known as break bone fever is a mosquito-borne disease that might and might not be severely hazardous for you depending on the severity of symptoms. It is caused due to mosquito bites and leads to a severe flu-illness that can affect any age group.

Dengue outbreaks are quite common in India and are usually on the rise between April’s to November, especially in the northern states.

Since, there is no vaccine present for dengue, the only way to prevent it is by preventing mosquito bites and by reducing the mosquito population. So, people need to be aware of the dengue causes, symptoms and treatment.


Dengue is caused, when an infected female mosquito bites (Aedes aegypti) a healthy person and spreads the virus to the healthy person. There are usually four types of viruses that cause dengue fever and are known to be transferred from Monkeys to humans approx. 100-800 years ago (according to CDC).

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are usually found in subtropical or tropical regions of the world such as India and can be usually identified by the typical white marking on legs. It usually gets infected when it bites a person with dengue and then spread the virus by biting healthy people.

Since there are four types of dengue viruses, you might get immune to one type after recovering from dengue once but it doesn’t mean you don’t have any danger of dengue in future as you might get infected by the remaining three types. And getting infected by dengue for the second time can cause severe symptoms and side effects on you.


One of the best things that can be done during dengue is getting diagnosed as soon as possible, as it saves you from various severe effects of dengue.

Usually, the symptoms of dengue start appearing after 4-10 days of mosquito bite from an infected mosquito and appear to be quite common. The symptoms of dengue are sometimes so common that people usually mistake them for flu.

So, here are some common symptoms of dengue to help you identify the symptoms and diagnose them on time.

  • High fever around 104 ⁰F along with any of the below symptoms
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Irritation or pain behind the eyes
  • Muscle, joint or bone point
  • Rashes
  • Inflammation in glands

It usually takes a week to recover from dengue but if you ignore the symptoms in some cases it can lead to severe blood vessels damage leading to leaky vessels and loss of platelets resulting in dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. This severe dengue can be really life-threatening for you.

Here are some of the symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever that usually occurs 1-2 after the fever stops.

  • Extreme stomach pain and vomiting
  • Fatigue or restlessness
  • Blood in urine, stools or vomit
  • Bleeding through your gums and nose
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Internal bleeding under the skin that might look like bruises


There is no such specific cure for dengue as it is a virus and usually the treatment is done for the side effects caused by the dengue.

For milder symptoms:

  • When the symptoms are milder the patient is usually advised to remain hydrated by drinking clean water along with rehydration salts to reduce the effects of dehydration caused by the high fever and vomiting.
  • Painkillers and fever-reducing drugs such as Tylenol or paracetamol are also given to reduce symptoms such as pain and fever.

Note that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin are usually not advised during dengue as they might cause internal bleeding.

For severe cases:

  • Drip or intravenous (IV) fluid supplementation is usually needed in the cases where the person isn’t able to take fluids through the mouth.
  • Patients might need to get admitted to the hospital as the individual needs to be properly monitored by the hospital.
  • Blood transfusion might be needed for people with severe dehydration.

Treatment of Dengue might help you to recover from dengue but nothing is better than preventing it before it can take place. The best way to prevent yourself from dengue is by keeping yourself away from mosquitoes. There are various methods that you can use to stay away from these mosquitoes such as using mosquito repellent, mosquito traps and nets, wearing full clothing and keeping your surroundings clean and away from stagnant water.

These simple steps can be really life and money-saving for you as they will not only help you to stay away from dengue but also save the savings that you might have to spend during the treatment.